SS Grad Assist - Teaching PT 6
Bachelor Public administration, Tongji University, 2014
Master Finance, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, 2018
Areas of Research
Land expropriation remains a contentious and intricate issue in China and other developing countries, amplified by rapid urbanization and economic development. The escalating demand for land for infrastructure and real estate projects has often resulted in forced eviction and inadequate compensation for farmers, leading to social unrest. This paper delves into the potential implications of higher compensation for expropriated land in China, aiming to examine its impact on igniting or mitigating discontent among affected individuals. Using exogenous shocks in land compensation across provinces, we test whether increased compensation successfully resolves conflicts. However, our study reveals a counterintuitive result. Despite the implementation of a new and higher compensation policy, we observe a surge in land-related protests. Subsequent investigation uncovers that the increased compensation exacerbates grievances, as individuals previously expropriated under the old policy express dissatisfaction and demand even higher amounts. This, in turn, fuels heightened conflict between local communities and the government.
Cultural traits can be shaped and maintained by economic institutions. To test this, we study the causal impact of the rural decollectivization reform after 1978 in China on the growth of religion. The difference-in-differences model exploiting the variation in the roll-out time of land reform across counties shows that the reform increases the density of religious sites. We also show that people seek informal insurance from religion, as counties with higher exposure to risk exhibit a larger increase in religious sites. In addition, kinship organizations play a substitutive role for religion in mitigating risks induced by the reform. Consistent with the secularization hypothesis, the effect of land reform on the growth of religion is mainly centered in counties with low educational levels and low incomes. This finding demonstrates that economic institutions can change cultural behaviors in the short run and that institutions and culture substitute each other in risk sharing.
Adoption allows orphaned children to have a good environment to grow up. However, adoption may trigger controversies, as many children are adopted through illegal channels. Why do people want to adopt children? We exploit the county-by-county rollout of land reform in rural China since 1978 to explore the causal impact of decollectivization on child adoption. The difference-in-differences estimation demonstrates that more sterile households adopted children after the reform. The result holds after taking into account the implementation of the One-child policy. Further analysis shows that decollectivization raises the value of children by increasing labor demand for old age support and for agricultural production, as well as receiving favorable redistribution of land. This indicates the importance of economic incentives in child adoption in developing countries.
- Pray, Vote, and Money: The Double-edged Sword Effect of Religions on Rural Political Participation in China. Pinghan Liang and Shukang Xiao. China Economic Review. (2022)
- Once Accessing the Internet, Less Trusting of Local Officials?. Yu You and Sha Yu. Society. (2022)
- The Effect of Adult’s Migration on the Health of Parents Left Behind (in Chinese). Xingxiang Wen; Shukang Xiao; Xue Wen . Population & Economics. (2016)
Are you the profile owner?
Login to edit.